Barnum & Ringling, Inc.
film no. 74
- Rascals Silents Vol. 5 (VHS/DVD) from
- This is a TV print from Interstate Television Corporation entitled "Barnum And Ringling." The
opening title is remade, but freeze-framing will reveal the original title card right before the crew credits begin,
which are also on an original title card. The intertitles are original, and the picture quality is fair. Most
significantly, this print includes the original soundtrack of music and sound effects. The footage totals 19:37, with
19:17 of it original.
- The Little Rascals Book XXV (VHS)
from Blackhawk Video
- This copy is a home movie print from Blackhawk. The opening and ending titles have been remade and
include a textual introduction. The inter-titles are original. The soundtrack is not original. The picture quality is
very good. The print totals 17:51, with 16:49 of it original. It appears that almost all of the original film is
- The Little Rascals - The Complete Collection
(8 VHS set) from
- Released late Oct. 2008. This is the Blackhawk print. Richard Lewis Ward provides commentary. There are
also two clips from this film included in the documentary The Story Of Hal Roach And Our Gang, and two clips
included in the interview segment Catching Up With The Rascals: Jean Darling.
- Our Gang Volume #10 (VHS) from
Grapevine Video and also from
The Picture Palace
- This is also the Blackhawk print, but with the company named blacked out and a different soundtrack added
and a different end title. The picture quality is fairly good. This version has appeared on numerous
Filmed December 21, 1927, to January 9, 1928. See the 'miscellaneous' section below for details.
Copyrighted April 7, 1928, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Corporation. Registration no. LP25278. Renewed
August 11, 1955, with registration no. R154164. This copyright is currently due to expire at the end of 2023.
Released April 7, 1928. It was the 74th film in the series to be released.
Silent two-reeler with synchronized music track and sound effects on disc only.
Probable opening title: '"Our Gang" Comedies - Hal Roach presents Hal Roach in "Barnum &
- Produced by Robert F. McGowan for
- This is how Maltin & Bann put it. The film probably credits Roach as the presenter, with a credit
added reading "A Robert McGowan Production."
- Directed by Robert F. McGowan
- This credit probably appears in the film, but without his middle initial.
- Photographed by Art Lloyd, Floyd Jackman and
E. V. White
- Lloyd probably receives the credit in the film. Jackman was the photographer on Jan. 3rd and 4th, with
assistance from White.
- Assistant Cameramen: Clair Boshard and F. E. Hershey
- Boshard is referenced in Simon Louvish's Stan And Ollie as working on this film on Jan. 3rd
and 4th. Hershey is mentioned in Thomas Benton Roberts' Roll 'Em as working on the animal
- Edited by Richard Currier
- This credit probably appears in the film.
- Titles by H. M. Walker
- This credit probably appears in the film.
- Props by Thomas Benton Roberts
- This credit is based on Roberts' book Roll 'Em, in which he describes his involvement in
this film. Specifically, he recalled making a pair of skates for the drunken ostrich.
- Animal Trainer: Harry Lucenay
- He was Pete's owner and trainer.
- Teacher: Fern Carter
- Released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
- Probably indicated in the opening title.
- Passed by the National Board of Review
- Probably indicated in the film.
- studio personnel
- possible uncredited involvement
- assistant direction - Probably Charles Oelze. On
Jan. 3rd and 4th, Don Sandstrom was involved, possibly as an assistant director.
- cutting - Probably Lloyd Campbell.
- writing - Robert F. McGowan probably headed the
story development. Robert A. McGowan, Jean Yarbrough, Charlie Hall and Hal Yates may have been
among the gag writers.
- property department - Charles Oelze and Don
Sandstrom were probably involved in this capacity.
- animal training - On January 3rd and 4th, Bob Sanders of the Sanders Police Dog Academy provided a dog,
while somebody named Tony provided "Duke" and "Jiggs." Two people whose last names were Moore and
Blount provided a mule on the 3rd and a horse on the 4th. Fat Jones provided a mule, and the L.A.O. Farm
provided an ostrich, on the 4th. Tony Campanaro
returned from a 10-month visit to Europe around this time.
- Jean Darling as "Jean"
- Featured role. She's a rich girl who likes to poke pins into people. During the circus sequence,
she's "Madamozelle Rhubarba."
- Allen "Farina" Hoskins
- Featured role. The nickname isn't used in this film. He's a bellboy at the hotel, and has to keep
Jean company. He isn't given too much of anything specific to do during the circus sequence, and is dressed as though
he was the Pin-headed Wild Man, rather than the other black kid mentioned below.
- Joe Cobb
- Featured role. He's the master of ceremonies at the circus, and is given more to do than most of the
- Jay R. Smith
- Supporting role. He does mostly ensemble acting in this short, but does have a few lines of
- Jackie Condon
- Supporting role. He does mostly ensemble acting in this short.
- Harry Spear
- Supporting role. He does mostly ensemble acting in this short.
- Bobby "Wheezer" Hutchins
- Small part. The nickname isn't used in this short. He appears sporadically, most notably during the
- Paul Toien
- Small part. He's seen helping Little Casino backstage and taking part in the circus as an acrobat.
Previously seen in "Olympic Games" (no. 63) and "Yale Vs. Harvard" (no.
- Bobby Dean as "Little Egypt"
- Small part. Not listed by Maltin & Bann. He's part of the sideshow.
- boy 032
- Bit part. He's seen laughing at the "snapping turtle"
- boy 071
- Extra. He's the first kid to walk in as Farina is ushering everybody in.
- Andy Shuford
- Bit part. He's seen laughing at the "pelikan," and is also sitting front row center in the
- other kids
- Bit parts and extras.
(1.) The boy introducing the sideshows.
(2.) The black boy playing "Little Casino," the Pin-headed Wild Man.
(3.) The boy handling the "rat-rattlesnake."
(4.) The boy showing the "Arizona beaver."
(5.) The kids in the band, numbering at least three.
(6.) The girl grooming Little Egypt.
(7.) The kid selling lemonade and the girl in the background of this scene.
(8.) Perhaps another twenty kids serving as the spectators at the circus.
- questionable listings
- Maltin & Bann list Mildred Kornman and Johnny Aber, but I haven't spotted either of
them in the film.
- Supporting role. He's the ostrich passed off as a "giraff." His name derives from the
recollections of prop man Thomas Benton Roberts, who mentioned that the ostrich drank barley from the basin, and not
- Pete (no. 1)
- Small part. He appears sporadically and is part of the gang's clown act.
- dog 034
- Bit part. He's seen off and on during the hotel room scenes, and appears to be passed off as the
"wild cow from Barneo," but another dog is used for this during the sideshow portion.
- parrot 008
- Bit part. He's passed off as the "snapping turtle." Presumably the same parrot seen
- cat 060
- Bit part. She's passed off as the "Arizona beaver."
- dog 074
- Bit part. This is the German shepherd seen with dog 034 in the hotel room sequence. This dog came from
the Sanders Police Dog Academy, and might have been their star dog, "Homo."
- Bit part. Presumably the goat with big horns. Thomas Benton Roberts mentioned a goat named
"Billy" in his book, and states that it was being passed off as a reindeer. However, the "raindeer"
was actually a large dog in this film.
- Bit part. The MGM lion appears at the opening of the film.
- other animals
- Small parts, bit parts and extras.
(1.) The mule passed off as a "moose." I don't think this is Dinah, but possibly the mule from
"Uncle Tom's Uncle" (no. 50).
(2.) A brown horse that's passed off as an elephant.
(3.) The white donkey ridden by Jean.
(4.) A brown hog, possibly seen previously, as the "rinorsoris," and two piglets as her
(5.) A rabbit that's passed off as a "kangaroo" with a baby rabbit in her "pouch."
(6.) A rat that's passed off as a "rat-rattlesnake."
(7.) A bird, possibly a chicken, that's passed off as a "stork."
(8.) A goose that's passed off as a "pelikan."
(9.) A goose that's passed off as a "peacock."
(10.) A St. Bernard that's passed off as an "African Lion."
(11.) A large dog that's passed off as a "raindeer."
(12.) A dachshund that's passed off as an "alleygater."
(13.) A dachshund that's passed off as an "artick seal."
(14.) A goat that's passed off as a "single humped camel."
(15.) A goat that's passed off as a "double humped camel."
(16.) A big brown dog that's passed off as a "wild cow from Barneo."
(17.) At least two white chickens seen during the hotel room and lobby sequences, and perhaps additional
(18.) Simon Louvish's book Stan And Ollie details an animal named Duke used for this film, which
could possibly be the white horse later seen in "The Ol' Gray Hoss" (no. 78). Another animal used
was Jiggs, which is the name of the chimpanzee seen during the talkie era, as well as a dog from the late silent
era. None of these animals are seen in the finished film.
(19.) Thomas Benton Roberts recalled a dog passed off as a tiger, which doesn't seem to have ended up in the
finished film. The stripes were made of chocolate and the dog kept licking them off (which may explain his
- Patsy O'Byrne as the lady doing house cleaning
- Small part. She's stuck with a pin by Jean, and later has several encounters with the
- Charles King as the newlywed groom
- Small part. He and his bride are repeatedly interrupted by animals entering their room.
- William Gillespie as the hotel manager
- Small part. He's seen briefly at the beginning and again at the end of the film.
- Oliver Hardy as the drunk
- Small part. He faints when he sees the ostrich. Publicity stills reveal that he had a second role as a
hotel detective, which was cut from the film.
- Dorothy Coburn as the lady who sits on the egg
- Small part. According to Maltin & Bann. I haven't familiarized myself with her face
- George B. French as the desk clerk
- Bit part. He orders Farina to keep Jean company.
- May Wallace as the dowager
- Bit part. According to Maltin & Bann. I'm assuming they mean the woman whose hand is pecked by
the ostrich, but I'm not absolutely sure it's her.
- Ham Kinsey as a bellboy
- Bit part. He's the bellboy that laughs at O'Byrne when she gets stuck with a
- Charles A. Millsfield as the toothless Frenchman
- Bit part. He hugs the other Frenchman, and later has his beard pecked by a goose.
- Eric Mayne as the bearded man in bed
- Bit part. Not listed by Maltin & Bann. He's in bed when a woman runs in followed by some of the
- Lillianne Leighton
- Bit part. She's the woman with the goose coming out of her dress.
- Eugene Pallette as the other hotel detective
- Bit part. He seems to be present only at the end of the film when everybody laughs at the
- Edna Marian as the maid
- Bit part. She's appears very briefly, getting spooking by the mule.
- other adults
- Small parts, bit parts and extras.
(1.) The hotel detective, who's seen sporadically chasing the kids and animals.
(2.) The newlywed bride.
(3.) Jean's governess.
(4.) The black man operating the elevator.
(5.) The two rotund black men, one of whom is a bellboy.
(6.) The other Frenchman who hugs Charles Millsfield. He looks similar to Mark Jones.
(7.) The woman sleeping next to the hog.
(8.) The woman running into the man's room.
(9.) The two women at the elevator.
(10.) Wallace's friend.
(11.) The old man in the room where the woman runs in.
(12.) The woman in the shower where Farina runs in.
(13.) The telephone operator at the reception desk.
(14.) Several other adults basically serving as extras. Maltin & Bann list Retta Palmer, with whom
This film was released with music on an accompanying disc. Several pieces of music appear in the soundtrack, along with
prominent sound effects. So far, I'm able to identify only two of these tunes, but I've otherwise indicated the
points at which each piece begins.
- piece 074a
- This begins during the opening credits and continues into the initial lobby scene.
- piece 074b
- This tune begins as Gillespie tells the detective to keep an eye on the kids. It continues well into the
scene in Jean's hotel room.
- piece 074c
- This tune begins as Jean notices the pin on the floor and continues into the sideshow sequence. It
returns as we're introduced to the 'raindeer,' and continues through the entire circus
- "Can-Can" by Jacques Offenbach
- Officially titled "Infernal Galop," this was part of the operetta "Orpheus In The
Underworld," which premiered in 1858. It's briefly played on this soundtrack as we're introduced to Little
Egypt and Little Casino.
- piece 074d
- This piece begins as we're introduced to the kangaroo, and continues through many of the other
- piece 074e
- This piece is played briefly as we're introduced to the Arizona beaver. A complete version is played
as the poultry enters the elevator past the sleeping attendant and continues through the remainder of the animal chaos,
ending with the hiccuping ostrich.
- piece 074f
- This piece begins as the boys are in the hallway while the detective is left behind with Jean still
hanging from the fan. It continues through much of the footage in which the animals are running loose through the
- "Little Brown Jug"
- Attributed to Septimus Winner in 1869. Steve Porter had a number three hit with this song in 1900. This
tune is played twice in a row on the soundtrack. The first instance begins when the ostrich walks in on the amorous young
couple. It begins again as the elephants walks in on the same couple.
- piece 074g
- This piece is played as the kids and the adults laugh at the ostrich. It's cut very short in the
surviving print, the result of a remade end title. Presumably, the original print played this tune through the end
- Hal Roach Studios
- The standing hotel set at the studio was used. Simon Louvish's book indicates that a stage at the
studio was used on both the 3rd and the 4th.
- Harold Lloyd Co.
- Simon Louvish's book indicates that the treadmill at this studio was used on Jan.
14 shooting dates went into the making of this film. Filming was still ongoing for "Rainy Days" (no.
72) and "Edison, Marconi & Co." (no. 73) when the 'start' date for "Barnum &
Ringling, Inc." arrived on Dec. 21st. On that date, activity was divided between "Edison, Marconi &
Co." and "Barnum & Ringling, Inc.," while on Dec. 22nd, it was divided between all three films. It
should be noted, however, that shooting for "Rainy Days" probably involved only the animated elements of that
film. Up to this point, Robert F. McGowan was directing all three films. However, on Dec. 23rd, Anthony Mack (listed
as McGowan Jr.) took over direction for "Rainy Days" while McGowan (listed as McGowan, Sr.)
continued with "Barnum & Ringling, Inc." This continued through the 24th, but activity was suspended on Dec.
25th, which was both Christmas as well as a Sunday, and on Dec. 26th and 27th. On Dec. 28th, all three films were again in
production, though it isn't clear which of the two directors worked on "Edison, Marconi & Co." that day.
Work then continued unhindered on "Barnum & Ringling, Inc." (with McGowan still directing) until the
'finish' date of Jan. 9th. No shooting took place on Jan. 1st or 8th, which were both Sundays, and since the 1st
was also New Year's Day, no work took place on Jan. 2nd. After this, one week passed before the Our Gang unit began
shooting "Fair And Muddy" (no. 75).
The hotel in this film is called the Ritz-Biltmore Hotel.
©Mar. 31, 2005, by Robert Demoss.
2005 updates: 4/19, 5/4, 7/9, 12/15.
2006 updates: 1/9, 4/3, 5/16, 6/11, 7/5, 8/20, 10/25, 11/3.
2007 updates: 2/27, 4/1, 7/16, 10/22.
2008 updates: 1/7, 7/6, 7/20, 8/28, 9/29, 11/6.
2009 updates: 1/18.
2010 updates: 3/14.
Thanks to Rob Stone, Paul Mular, Joe Moore, Bryan Bishop, Piet Schreuders, and Diane Winters for
assistance on this page.