Every Man For Himself

film no. 32


technical details:

Production A-32.

Filmed June 2 to 12, 1924. See the 'miscellaneous' section below for details.

Copyrighted October 2, 1924, by Pathé Exchange, Inc. Registration no. LU20625. Since the copyright was not renewed, this film is now in the public domain.

Released October 19, 1924. It was the 31st film in the series to be released.

Silent two-reeler.

Probable opening title: '"Our Gang" Comedies - Hal Roach presents His Rascals in "Every Man For Himself".'

Released into TV syndication as Mischief Makers episode no. 1032, "Shoeshine Shop," copyrighted Sep. 1, 1960, with registration number LP17337.


the crew:

Produced by Hal Roach
Probably credited in the film as a presenter.
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
This credit probably appears in the film, but without his middle initial.
Photographed by Art Lloyd
Not listed by Maltin & Bann. This credit appears in Joseph McBride's Frank Capra - The Catastrophe Of Success. Lloyd is listed in the payroll summaries as the Our Gang cameraman during this period.
Titles by H. M. Walker
This credit probably appears in the film.
Props by Charles Oelze and Don Sandstrom
This credit derives from their payroll status as Our Gang prop men during this period.
Story by Hal E. Roach
This credit probably doesn't appear in the film. Frank Capra had left the studio by this time, but the situation involving the twins was one of his leftover ideas. A. H. Giebler was listed as an Our Gang gag man in the studio payroll summaries during this period.
Animal trainer: Tony Campanaro
He was Pal's trainer.
Teacher: Fern Carter
Released by Pathé Exchange, Inc.
Passed by the National Board of Review
Probably indicated in the film.
studio personnel
general manager - Warren Doane
assistant general manager - L. A. French
secretary-treasurer - C. H. Roach
construction supervisor - C. E. Christensen
laboratory superintendent - Charles Levin
publicity director - Garrett Graham
purchasing agent - Clyde Hopkins
still photographer - Bud "Stax" Graves
transportation director - Bob Davis
possible uncredited involvement
editing - Credit usually went to Thomas J. Crizer during this period.
writing - Robert F. McGowan, Thomas J. Crizer and James Parrott may have contributed gags.

the kids:

Mickey Daniels as "Mickey" aka "Micky"
Lead role. As usual, he's the 'President, Secretary, Treasurer and Board of Directors for the corporation,' and is the first to encounter the twins.
Mary Kornman as "Mary"
Supporting role. She's the 'cashear' at the athletic club. It's her flirting with Sissy that starts the ball rolling.
Joe Cobb as "Joe Cobb"
Supporting role. He boxes with Jackie early in the film, but otherwise does mostly ensemble acting in this one.
Jackie Condon as "Jackie Condon"
Supporting role. Aside from boxing with Joe, he isn't given much of anything specific to do.
Allen "Farina" Hoskins as "Farina"
Supporting role. The nickname doesn't appear in these prints. He referees the boxing match, but otherwise is mostly part of the group.
Andy Samuel as "Andy Samuel"
Supporting role. Aside from some attention given to him inside the athletic club, he's basically part of the ensemble.
Charles and Ray DeBriac as "Scrappy" and "Sissy"
Supporting roles. They confuse Mickey, who is not aware that there are two of them. One is tough and the other is a pushover. It isn't known which twin plays which, and even the identification is not completely verified. The payroll summaries list these two names as actors in the Our Gang unit for the duration of the shooting of this film.
George "Sonny Boy" Warde as "Sing Joy"
Supporting role. Not listed by Maltin & Bann. He's involved in the shoeshine part of the business. His character name is written on the wall of the gym.
boy 031 as "Powder-puff"
Supporting role. He runs the 'atomatick motor' at the shoeshine stand. His official title is 'Chief Engineer and Superintendent of Motive Power.'
Gabe Saenz as "Toughy" aka "Gabe Saenz"
Small part. He's seen showering at the athletic club, and gets kicked out of the club. His name is crossed out on the list of names on the wall. The last name seems to only have five letters, though it's very difficult to read. The payroll ledgers consistently spell it with six letters, though sometimes the I and the E are misplaced. The most consistent spelling is "Saienz."
boy 032
Small part. He's the blonde boy seen early in the film, first working out on the stirrups, then helping Mickey to get the mouse out of his pants.
Monty O'Grady as "Monty O'Grady"
Small part. He boxes with the dummy, then tries the 'lung testar,' before helping Mickey to get the mouse out of his pants. His name is written on the wall of the gym.

the animals:

Pal
Small part. Not listed by Maltin & Bann. He plays around with the stirrups and is mainly seen in the early part of the film.
horse 014
Bit part. This is the white horse with the rings around his eyes.
other animals
Bit parts.
(1.) The white dog with the rings around his eyes.
(2.) Three mice living inside the gang's safe.

the adults:

Earl Mohan as "Jimbo Johnson"
Small part. This is the boxer. Maltin & Bann list Mohan as the boxer's friend, but the boxer himself looks like him to me.
Vera White as the bookworm
Small part. She's so absorbed by her reading that she doesn't notice that she's been given the wrong shoes. Listed by Maltin & Bann as Clara Guiol.
George B. French as the drunken shoeshine customer
Small part. He falls asleep at the shoeshine stand and then leaves without his shoes.
F. F. Guenste as the cop
Small part. He catches the gang painting people's shoes. He usually played butlers in other Our Gang films, including "High Society" (no. 30).
William Gillespie as a pedestrian
Bit part. Not listed by Maltin & Bann. He's the first person to look through the viewfinder, resulting in rings painted around his eyes.
Helen Gilmore as a pedestrian
Bit part. Not listed by Maltin & Bann. She's the second person to get rings painted around her eyes.
Martha Sleeper as one of the women with rings around her eyes
Bit part. She's seen coming face to face with the laughing guy, then giving money to the fake blind man.
Dick Gilbert as one of the shoeshine customers
Bit part. He's the second customer among those with painted shoes.
Rolfe Sedan as one of the shoeshine customers
Extra. He's sitting at the shoeshine stand with Gilbert.
other adults
Small parts and bit parts.
(1.) The friend of the boxer's. He hands the card to the cop.
(2.) The fake blind man.
(3.) The man whose hat is cleaned by Mickey.
(4.) The landlord, who hits the gang up for rent.
(5.) The young man with rings around his eyes, who asks the gang what they're laughing at.
(6.) The mother of the twins.
(7.) Several additional adults walking around with rings around their eyes, most notably the guy leaning against the building and laughing at everybody.
(8.) Several additional men with painted shoes.
(9.) Various fighters shown in photos on the wall of the gang's athletic club.

the music (sort of):

"The Last Rose Of Summer" by Thomas Moore and Sir John Stevenson
Originally a poem written by Moore in 1805, a melody was added by Stevenson. The song was included in the Friedrich von Flotow opera "Martha" in 1847, and Elizabeth Wheeler had a number nine hit with it in 1909. In this film, Mickey makes reference to it in the titles.

the locations:

Palms Garage, Palms district, Los Angeles
The kids chase the timid twin around this building at 3304 Motor Avenue. The back of the same building is used in other shots, where the name Featherstone can be made out on the curb. This was the street that crossed with Motor, while the back of the building faced National Boulevard. At some point in the past, this portion of Featherstone Street became part of a re-routed National.
Palms Lumber Company, Palms district, Los Angeles
This was located at 10321 National Boulevard, and is where the boys are standing when they notice the sissy taunting them. This really was across the street from the back of Palms Garage, just as we're led to believe in the film.
Motor Avenue and Woodbine Street, Palms district, Los Angeles
The cop is shown standing on the northeast corner of this intersection. The brick building is the People's Water Company at 3392 Motor Avenue. The gang's business is located along the south side of Woodbine just west of this intersection. In a couple of the shots along the fence, the Masonic Hall of Palms can be seen at the southeast corner of the intersection at 3402 Motor Avenue. This is also the location used for the footage of the blind man, who is right at the corner of the building.

miscellaneous:

10 shooting dates went into the making of this film. A full month had gone by since shooting for "The Sun Down Limited" (no. 31) had come to a halt as a result of an injury to director McGowan. On June 2nd, filming began on "Every Man For Himself," and continued until the 'finish' on June 12th. No shooting took place on June 1st and 8th, which were both Sundays. The day after shooting finished, filming began anew on the unfinished "Fast Company" (no. 16).

The gang's health club is called the '4th Ave Champeen Athalatick Club.'

The 1924 studio datebook reveals what the weather was like on the various shooting dates. On most dates, it was described as 'medium.' However, on the 7th and the 10th, it was described as 'medium bright', on the 11th, it was described as 'bright to medium,' and on the 12th, it was described as 'bright.' No description was given for the 1st.

The members of the club are listed on the wall of their clubhouse. 'Micky' is listed at the top as 'prezadent.' On the next line is Joe Cobb and Jackie Condon. Below that is listed Farina, Sing Joy, and Andy Samuel. The bottom line lists Monty O'Grady and Gabe Saienz, whose name is crossed out after he walks out on the club. Below these names is a list of 'ornary members,' which includes John L. Sullivan, Jack Dempsey, John Jeffries, 'Bennie Lenard,' 'and others.'

This film was the first of six in the sixth 'series' of Our Gang films.

There were 40 copies of this film printed for its initial release.


availability:

Our Gang Silent Comedies Volume 1 (VHS) from Video Classics and
Our Gang Comedies I (VHS) from The Picture Palace
Two versions of this film have been released on this VHS volume. The earlier copies had a home movie print made by Laff-Movie, Inc., in New York, entitled "The Big Idea." The inter-titles were remade, but appeared to be worded like the originals. The print totaled only 12:22, with about 10:25 of it original footage, but included the last part of the film, involving the twins, a portion missing from the current version. The current version is a Mischief Makers print entitled "Shoe Shine Shop," but with the opening titles replaced by a generic title card with the original film title. This print is missing all of the inter-titles but contains most of the early part of the film, which the early version drastically cuts. The print totals 15:10, with 14:49 of it original footage. Each version amounts to about two-thirds of the original film, but watching them together results in most of it.
SlapHappy: Vol. 2 (DVD) from Fishigan Films
Released 2003. Originally produced in 2001. Includes a clip from this film. This volume is also included as part of The SlapHappy Collection (11 DVD set).
SlapHappy: Vol. 7 (DVD) from Fishigan Films
Released 2003. Originally produced in 2001. Includes a clip from this film. This volume is also included as part of The SlapHappy Collection (11 DVD set).

© Robert Demoss.


My thanks to the following people for assisting with this page:
Rob Stone (for providing the production number and shooting dates)
Joe Moore (for providing the copyright information)
Matthew Lydick (for the correct spelling of Gabe Saenz's last name)
James A. Gipson (for alerting me to the fact that the Picture Palace changed over to the Mischief Makers version of this film)


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